Duda is a chess prodigy who earned the Grandmaster title at the age of 15 years and 21 days. Known for his creative chess and rapid and blitz skills, it is unsurprising that he won the European Rapid Championship and took silver in European Blitz Championship in 2014 at the age of 16. He first became part of the Polish National Team the same year, scoring 8.5/11 on board three at the 2014 Chess Olympiad in Tromso. In 2018, he played board one at the Batumi Olympiad, claiming fourth place with his team. In January 2019, he became the first ever Polish chess player to exceed 2800 barrier in the blitz category.